Post natal period is the period beginning immediately after the birth of a child and extending for about 6 weeks.
It is the most critical and yet the most neglected phase in the lives of mothers and babies; most deaths occur during the postnatal period.
Post natal diet is the most important part of postnatal care. A healthy diet plan is a pre-requisite if you plan to breast feed your baby depending on your total calorie intake you will need about 450 to 550 extra calories in the first 3 months to meet the nutritional needs of your child and your baby.
Diet rich in fresh fruits, vegetables, pulses, legume, milk and diary products, drink plenty of water.
Avoid drinking alcohol, quit smoking.
Start with simple exercises like pelvic floor exercise as they will gradually help to have control over your bladder and get you in shape.
Care should be taken towards breast, bladder, bowel perineal and caesarian wound. Sleep should be adequate 1 week following discharge women should visit doctor.
Can be resumed to work from 6 weeks following birth. Avoid lifting heavy weight/strenuous exercises.
Exclusively breast feeding mother should begin contraception from 6 weeks onwards and women who do not breast feed should start contraception from 3 weeks onwards.
Contraception in the form of exclusive breast feeding (lactactional amenorrhea method), progesterone only pills, injectables, vaginal rings, intrauterine copper T devices, sterilization methods. Combined oral contraception pills.